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The Ten Gurus - Book By Jaspinder Singh Grover

Publisher: JSKS
Authors: Jaspinder Singh Grover
Page: 168
Format: Hardbound
Language: English
Product Code: SGE103
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Introduction To The Book 'The Ten Gurus' By Jaspinder Singh Grover

The term 'Guru' is quite common in the Indian culture, but in Sikhism it enjoys a very distinct meaning. Guru epitomizes a spiritual teacher who enlightens His disciples for their all round development, inculcates in them devotion and Godly love, shows them a path of righteousness and justice, heals them with the medicine of 'Naam', refines their thought processes leading them into a state of equipoise, instills in them a spirit of service to their community and teaches them the art of attaining liberation while leading the life of a householder.

Of what form is the Sikh Guru ? What are His attributes ? Is it necessary for Him to manifest in physical form ? Who must Sikhs consider their Guru ? How does the Guru communicate with His disciples ?

What strikes the mind of a Sikh when he hears the term Guru ? Immediately the mind shoots off to the ten Sikh Gurus, from Guru Nanak to Guru Gobind, who seeded the Sikh religion and helped it sprout into a dynamic faith that has elevated and reformed millions of lives for more than five centuries. Of what form then is the Sikh Guru who continues to influence the consciousness of the masses long after He discontinued His physical presence on earth ? It is vital to comprehend the meaning of 'Guru' in Sikhism. When we say that Sikhs had ten Gurus or as the title of this book 'The Ten Gurus - Life and Teachings' does, are we really talking about ten different individuals or about individuals at all ?

As Guru Gobind Singh very succinctly puts it for us in His composition 'Bachitra Naatak'-----

Nanak metamorphosed into Angad,

and preached Sikhism around the world.

He was then revered as Amardas,

just as a candle is lit from another candle.

At time opportune of the boon, Ramdas became the Guru,

while Amardas ascended the heavenly abodes.

I recognise Angad as Nanak and Amardas as Angad.

Amardas then became Ramdas.

While the fools have seen them as distinct,

the saints recognise them as one.

Those who have deciphered the similarity,

have attained liberation which has evaded the ignorant.

When Ramdas became one with almighty,

Guruship was passed to Arjan.

When Arjan passed into eternal realms,

Hargobind took his place.

Hargobind gave way to Hari Rai.

Hari Rai's son Hari Krishan then became the Guru,

To be followed by Guru Tegh Bahadur.

(Bachitra Naatak)


Guru Gobind has thus emphasized that the Ten Gurus are to be seen as one soul that transmigrated from one body to another. It is the soul in Them, and the 'Divine Word' it revealed, which is to be looked upon as the Guru, and not their physical body. Though Sikhs consider them God and might worship them, the Gurus themselves always preached the existence of ----

One Immanent and Transcendent God Whose name is True, Who is the Creator Himself, Fearless and inimical to none, Who is beyond the cycle of births and deaths, Who is Self Illumined and Who is realised by His own Grace.



Guru Gobind Singh Said-------

Who was in the beginning and Who will be in the end, Consider Him my Guru.

Chaupaee(Guru Gobind Singh Ji)


So what exactly is the Sikh Guru ? Is he God born in human form ? No ! None of the ten Gurus considered themselves incarnates of God, it is only the Sikh people who saw them as one. The Sikh doctrine and scriptures, however, emphasize that God is beyond births and deaths and strictly discard the concept of incarnation of God. It is only because of the Divine qualities of the ten Gurus that Sikhs consider them to be no less than incarnates. Even this book takes the liberty to use the term 'incarnation' for their, just to differentiate the event from the birth of ordinary mortals.

The life of each of the Gurus is a specimen of a True Sikh's life and if we succeed in applying even a tithe of the principles They taught, we would end up taking our lives to unconquered spiritual heights. Each life of the Guru brought forth some distinct human quality or moral principle whose inculcation is to be cherished by each Sikh. While Guru Nanak was an idol of 'Humility', Guru Angad immortalized 'Obedience', Guru Amardas fortified the spirit of 'Equality', Guru Ramdas demonstrated the essence of ' Selfless Devotional Service', Guru Arjan Dev established the importance of 'Self Sacrifice', Guru Hargobind  was an apostle of 'Justice', Guru Har Rai sanctified 'Mercy', Guru Harkrishan idolized ' Purity', Guru Tegh Bahadar was an ocean of 'Calmness' and Guru Gobind Singh embodied 'Royal Courage'.

The study of their lives provides us with a clue as to how they were able to uplift millions of lives from a state of moral degradation and set up a system capable of reforming generations to follow. Guru Nanak wanted not mere philosophy but practical application of the ideology called Sikhism. He felt that to make any significant impact and bring about a long lasting spiritual awakening, and elevation of diseased human souls, His message needed to be deeply embedded in the socio-cultural consciousness of the masses, and for that to happen it had to be injected into several generations. He thus chose to pass on the 'Divine Light' to Guru Angad and henceforth successively  to each of the ten Gurus. Each of the Gurus dedicated their entire lives to the task initiated by Guru Nanak. When  the tenth Guru felt that Sikhism was on firm footing and could survive and grow on its own, He declared 'Sri Guru Granth Sahib' to be the Guru forever. Sikhs have thereafter depended on the Holy Granth to obliterate all their doubts and reveal to them the true purpose of life. The Guru thus manifested in physical form to start with, and acquired the form of 'Word' thereafter. It is thus the 'Word' which is the real Sikh Guru and the ten Nanaks were just messengers who delivered us the 'Divine Word'. Lets make a humble effort to look at their special lives hoping to learn some valuable lessons of humanity and service. 

Table of Contents of the Book 'The Ten Gurus' By Jaspinder Singh Grover


Factual Overview 13
Guru Nanak's Incarnation 14
The Detached Child 14
Who Could Teach the All Aware ? 15
The Sacred Thread 16
The Carefree Shepherd 17
Snake Provides Shades 18
The Ideal Deal 19
The Storekeeper with Endless Stocks 20
Disappearance into Vai River 21
Chapaatis of Milk and Blood 23
Encounter with Sajjan Thag 24
Watering His Fields from Haridwar 25
Kartarpur is Established 26
Shivnabh Seeks Forgiveness 26
Kauda Giant's Reformation 27
Journey of Uttarakhand 28
Baba Buddha becomes a Sikh 28
God is Omnipresent : The Miracle at Mecca 29
The Tale of Chashmaa Sahib 30
The Tale of Panjaa Sahib 31
Passing into Eternal Realms 33
Factual Overview 34
Lahna Ji is Born 35
Lahna Ji Meets Guru Nanak 36
Tests of Patience and Devotion 37
Lahna Ji becomes 'Guru Angad Dev' 39
Humayun in Guru Angad's Court 39
Shivnath, the Pretender, get Punished 41
Guru Angad Shows them the Right Path 42
Accept Universal Will 43
The Master of Gurmukhi 43
Merging into Eternal Light 44
Factual Overview 45
The Incarnation 46
His Search for a Guru 46
How the Guru was Found 47
Attainment of Guruship 48
An Idol of Humility 49
How Sikhs Reached their Guru 50
Bauli Sahib 51
Akbar is Blessed to Win Chittaur 52
Baisakhi Carnival 53
Guru's Great Sikhs 53
Guru's Blessings 57
The Pretence of the Saint 57
A Lesson to Mohri Ji 58
Emperor Akbar Visits Goindwal 59
From Guru Amardas to Guru Ramdas 60
Factual Overview 62
Initial Days 63
Guru's Grace 64
How Guruship was Attained 65
Guru Ji's Final Test for the Seat 67
Developing Amritsar 68
Santokh Sar : the Excavation 68
Amritsar Sarovar : the Holy Nectar Appears 69
The Legend of Humility 72
Guru's Great Sikhs 72
The Fifth Guru is Chosen 74
Factual Overview 76
Boom of Guruship 77
Opposition by Prithi Chand 78
Constructional Developments 79
Shri Guru Granth Sahib Ji 80
Great Sikhs of the Fifth Guru 82
Bhai Manjh Ji 82
Bhai Behlo Ji 83
Bhai Ladda Ji 84
Bhai Buddu Ji 85
Bhai Samman Musan Ji 85
Other Great Sikhs 87
Guru's Sacrifice 87
Miraculous Faith of a Lady from Kabul 90
Factual Overview 92
Birth and Childhood Days 93
Assassination Attempts by Prithi Chand 94
Guruship and Meeri Peeri 95
Bandi Chhor : The Saviour of 52 kings 96
Chandu Dies like a Dog 98
The Miracles of the Sixth Guru 99
Four Major Battles 100
The Battle of Amritsar 101
The Battle of Hargobindpur 102
The Battle of Gurusar Mehraj 104
The Battle of Kartarpur 105
Bibi Deso is Blessed with Seven Sons 106
Guru's Absorption into Eternal Light 107
Factual Overview 109
Initial Days 110
Guruship and After 111
Daaraa in Guru's Shelter 111
Benevolent Acts of Guru Ji 112
Ful-Keean Kingdoms 113
Devotee and God 114
Guru Abandons His Son Ram Rai 115
Enemies Always Failing to Reach Him 118
Langar : The Community Kitchen 119
Mingling into Divine Light 120
Factual Overview 121
Incarnation and Guruship 121
Tender Age but Grand Deeds 123
Conspiracies of Ram Rai 124
Aurangzeb's Letter to The Guru 125
Consultations on Emperor's Letter 126
A Dumb Narrates Meanings of Geeta 127
Miracles in Delhi 129
Guru Ends His Earthly Sojourn 131
Factual Overview 134
Early Days of Life 135
Teg Bahadur Ji Becomes the Guru 135
Guruship and Threat of Life 138
Sri Anandpur Sahib 138
Efforts to Save Hinduism 139
Kashmiri Pandits Cry for Help 142
Delhi Visit of the Ninth Guru 143
The Guru's Sacrifice 146
Bravery of Sikhs 147
Factual Overview 149
Childhood Days 150
Shifting to Anandpur : The First Sacrifice 152
The Battle of Bhangani 153
Pathans Run Away 155
Guru's Win 155
Appearance of Devi 'Goddess' 156
Khasla is Born 157
The Battle of Anandpur 160
Mad Elephant Let Loose 160
Enemy Defeated 161
Bhai Ghanaya's Exemplary Service 162
Cattle of Flour and Swearing by the Kuraan 163
Sikhs Disown their Guru 163
The Battle of Chamkaur 164
Sacrifice of Two Elder Sons 165
The Battle of Mukatsar 166
Banda Singh Bahadur 167
Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji : The Guru Forever 167


Author Jaspinder Singh Grover
Pages 168
Cover Hardbound
Language English

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